*2019 AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE ANSWERS*
*INSTRUCTION: ANSWER ANY, _one_ QUESTION FROM EACH SECTION*
Farm surveying is the process of measuring and mapping out the position, height, size and boundary of an area of farmland.
(iii)An adequate supply of clean water
(i)Store in cool dry place
(ii)Lubricate the moving parts
(iii)By painting to avoid rusting
(ii)Dormant research facilities
(iv)Poor education and modernization
(i)to effect structural change in the system of land tenure;
(ii)to achieve fast economic and social transformation;
(iii)to negate economic inequality caused by the appropriation of rising land values by land speculators and land holders; and
(iv)to make land available easily and cheaply, to both the government and private individual developers.
(i)Magnesium is also used by plants for the metabolism of carbohydrates
(ii)It is used in cell membrane stabilization.
(i)It is used for nitrogen metabolism
(ii)For synthesis of some enzymes
(i)To convert nitrate into nitrite and then into ammonia.
(ii)It is also needed by symbiotic nitrogen fixing bacteria in legumes to fix atmospheric nitrogen.
(i)Less water is lost in the process and there is no run-off.
(ii)Subsurface irrigation systems can free up aboveground space.
(iii)Crops grown in these conditions may grow more uniformly.
(iv)With less water remaining on the leaves, there is a lowered risk of excessive moisture damage.
(i)Leads to erosion
(ii)Loss of soil nutrients
(i)Leads to erosion
(ii)Reduction of micro organisms activities
(i)It kills soil micro organisms
(ii)Leads to loss of soil nutrients.
SOLVING AND TYPING
(i)Uses of animals and their health problems
(ii)Organs and systems of an animal body
(iii)Rumen movement in ruminants
(iv)Appearance of the healthy animal
(i)quarantine and slaughter.
(i)Good hatchery sanitation
(ii)Avoidance of mouldy feed
(i)Cut off infection source.
(ii)Dispose of anthrax carcasses correctly
(ii)Isolation of suspected animals
(ii)High competition for survival
(ii)It could lead to death of animal
(iv)It can lead to cannibalism
The law of diminishing returns states that in a production process, as on input variable is increased, there will be a point at which the marginal per unit will start to decrease holding all other factors constant.
(i) Price of related commodities
(ii) Price of rice
(iii) Income of the consumers
(iv) Expectation of change in the price in future
(v) Taste of consumers
(vi) Smuggling of rice
Total depreciation = Cost price – Selling price
Given that the cost of rice = N108,000
Selling price = N93,000
Total depreciation = 108,000 – 93,000 = N15,000
Annual depreciation = Total depreciation/ Life span
Total depreciation = N15,000
Life span = 2017-2007
Life span = 10years
Annual depreciation = 15,000/10 = N1,500
(i) Inadequate support of rural farmers to the extension workers
(ii) Not getting the problems to solve at hand adequately
(i) Political institute’s
(ii) Support organizations
(iii) Health services
(iv) Local schools
(v) Community development