*VERIFIED GOV OBJ*
1) (i)Voting: We study governments so we can make an educated decision when it comes to voting. This means that you are not just going to make your voting decision on a speech or tv program that you see.
(ii) Knowledge: Studying government gives you knowledge. You are in a position to know more about the government than ever before. If you do not study governments then you are not going to know all of the ins and outs of politics.
(iii) Future: We can control the future of our country, including political movements and government decision making. Studying government is going to ensure that you can make a difference.
(iv) Improvements: There is always going to be the option to make improvements within different governments. If a government does not have a clear idea on one of their policies, this can be changed and improved over time, and you can understand this when you study the subject.
(v) Career choices: Studying the government is going to open many doors for you and you can decide whether or not you want to go into a career in politics (to make a difference as much as you see fit).
A citizen is a person who is a legal member of and owes allegiance to a particular country he/she resides in which he/she enjoys full civil and political rights and will be ready to put his life at stake in defence of its territory when occasion calls for that
(i) Defence of the country: A citizen should be prepared to defend his/her country when it is threatened
(ii) Service to the nation: A citizen should not hesitate to serve his/her nation in any capacity he capable when called upon to do so.
(iii) Civic responsibilities: It is also the responsibility of a good citizen to register during registration exercise and vote during elections if he/she is qualified to do so.
(iv) Assisting the law enforcement agents: A good citizen should always be prepared to assist the police and other law enforcement agents in reducing crime rate in the country by giving them useful information
Types of election
1. General Election: refers to the conduct of election for various political parties, to enable them elect or choose their representatives in the state.
2. Referendum: is a type of election, demands to get on important political matter in the state, for example, when Sierra Leone wants to return to one party state in 1978. Also if important constitutional matters needed to be amended. It is similar to plebiscite.
3. Bye-election: is an election held to fill a vacant seat in a constituency due to a death of a representative or nullification of an election result in the court.
Note: Bye-elections are conducted only on constituencies where the incidence took place e.g.. Sierra Leone Bye elections to be conducted by N.E.C in Constituencies-87 & 106
4. Run-off election or second ballot: it takes place in order to decide a winner after the first election failed to produce the winner with absolute majority. After the first election, candidates with low percents of the total votes cast are asked to withdraw and a second election for highest two is organized within a given period of time. In some countries, it will be done in weeks or months. A simple majority will declare the emerged winner
(i)The 1914 constitution
(ii)The 1922 constitution
(iii)The 1946 constitution
(i)The constitution introduced a parliamentary system of government.
(ii)It established two legislative houses at both the federal and regional levels.
(iii)It retained the federal structure with the regions having residual powers.
(iv)The federal prime minister and regional premiers had executive powers conferred on them.
(i)Multi-Ethnicity : Nigeria is a country with a lot of ethnic groups. As a result of this, it has brought about the cry of the minorities clamoring for their own state.
(ii)Power Sharing: Formula Power sharing has been one of the main issue militating against federalism in Nigeria.
(i)Governmental powers are shared between the Federal and State governments.
(ii)Its operation is backed up by a federal constitution, which is usually written and rigid in nature.
(iii)It ensures equal representation of all groups.
(i) Ernest Ikoli
(ii) Samuel Akisanya
(iii) Dr. James Churchill Vaughan
(i) Legislative council: It won all the three elective seats allocated to Lagos in the legislative council
(ii) Unity: It worked to promote national unity
(iii) National outlook: It was the first political party that had a national outlook in the competition of members
(iv) Modern nationalism: It could further be said that this movement brought modern nationalism to Nigeria.
*Q9a.* The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) is a socio-economic flagship Programme of the African Union (AU). NEPAD’s four primary objectives are to eradicate poverty, promote sustainable growth and development, integrate Africa in the world economy and accelerate the empowerment of women.
*Q9b*. The main objectives of NEPAD Council include:
1.Support the new partnership for Africa’s Development.
2. Support African leaders’ efforts to encourage public engagement in NEPAD strategies and projects.
3. Assist the Steering Committee and NEPAD
Secretariat in the implementation of NEPAD projects
4. Collaborate with NEPAD to undertake mutually reinforcing actions to help accelerate growth and make long-lasting gains against poverty
5. Encourage Africans in the Diaspora to actively participate in all efforts aimed at developing Africa